Understanding online language can help to stay in the loop when it comes to digital conversations – and to better understand your child’s online life.


Means ‘away from keyboard’ – a term used online to say you’ll be away from the screen for a while.

Stands for ‘before anyone else’, but is also used as a hybrid of the words ‘baby’ and ‘babe’. Used on social media and messaging apps as a term of affection.

A small, non-malicious piece of code that is stored on your computer and tracks your online behaviour. Used for things like online targeted advertising.

Dark web
Part of the internet that you can only access through an anonymous and encrypted network, allowing users and operators to remain untraceable.

Multiplayer video games played competitively - increasingly by professional gamers for monetary gain - often in front of online and offline audiences. 

Sending an offensive or aggressive public message to a specific person online, often via message boards and/or chat forums.

When a player in an online game deliberately irritates and harasses other players within the game. 

Hypertext Markup Language, the authoring language used to create pages on the internet. It provides a web browser with directions on how to structure a site’s information and features.

Influencer marketing
The promotion of products or services by social media ‘influencers’, from celebrity Instagram accounts (i.e., Kim Kardashian) to popular YouTube vloggers (video bloggers).

A programming language widely used on the web to run small programs in your browser called applets.

A measure of how fast information is downloaded to your computer via a modem. Kbps means a transfer rate of one kilobyte per second.

Live streaming
The broadcasting of a real-time video to an online audience, on sites such as Facebook and Instagram. 

A ‘massively multiplayer online’ game, played by thousands at a time in an open world, such as World of Warcraft (WoW).

Backhanded compliments aimed at undermining someone’s confidence and increasing their need of the manipulator's approval.

A parent who posts a large number of photos of their children online, often without the child’s consent.

When fraudsters attempt to trick users into passing on their personal information through malicious emails or pop-up windows.

Short for ‘quoted for truth’, meaning you’ll hold someone to a previous online comment.

Revenge porn
Sexually explicit media shared online without the consent of the pictured individual, and usually by an ex-partner.

Virtual items that can be won or purchased within certain video games to decorate and customise characters. They can also be attained through online gambling.

Deliberately spreading controversial opinions, hurtful comments or threats online, often with the intention of provoking a reaction from others.

‘User-generated content’ is any form of content created by users of a service and made available publicly on that service, such as YouTube vloggers.

The in-game currency of Fortnite, bought with real money to obtain skins and other accessories.

A malicious computer program and form of malware that replicates itself to spread to other computers, often hidden within email attachments and instant messages 

Teen text/instant messenger slang for the word ‘sex’.

Otherwise known as vloggers. A person who creates and uploads content to YouTube and particularly someone who has a fan base on the platform.

A group of low-level gamers in multiplayer games who team up to beat better opponents.


This article is by Parent Zone, the experts in digital life.