Artificial Intelligences are here! While they're not like the killer robots in sci-fi movies, they're already having a huge impact on our society.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been dominating the headlines, with ChatGPT in particular hogging the limelight. Unlike the AIs in sci-fi dystopias like The Terminator or The Matrix, ChatGPT might seem anticlimactic or even boring. It’s not a malevolent murder machine, but a publicly-available chatbot that – when prompted by a human – can spit out sentences or paragraphs that read uncannily as if they were written by an actual person.
Here’s everything you need to know about the latest generation of AIs.
Can you give an example of ChatGPT in action?
That’s impressive! So how does ChatGPT actually work?!
ChatGPT is what’s called a generative AI as it can create seemingly new works. It was built by a private company called OpenAI using a technique called a large language model (LLM). This is when vast quantities of text, in this case from the internet, were fed into a complex machine learning (ML) program running on incredibly powerful computers.
The ML program is capable of recognising that certain patterns and relationships between different words will occur in text written about one subject but not another.
With this sophisticated pattern recognition in place, ChatGPT can then – when prompted – recombine what it has learned from its LLM in new sentences and paragraphs. This combination of transforming information that it has previously been trained on is what the ‘GPT’ in ChatGPT stands for – Generative Pre-trained Transformer.